The Internet of Things

Internet Of Things, Geek&Poke ©

The Internet of Things

Here are two other scenarios

Siri (your refrigerator):

"Jane, you are taking the last eggs."

or

Siri:

"Jane, you are taking the last eggs, Do you want me to order a new supply from the supermarket?"

Who am I?

Name
Niels Müller Larsen
Education
MSc in Networked Information Technology, Sheffield Hallam University, UK
Job
Prof @ International Business Academy, Kolding, DK
Work
Developer. Programming and database work since 1970.
Teach
Web development. Backend, frontend, database. XML, HTML, CSS, etc.

Session ToC

Internet History

Internet History

E-mail, RFCs 821, and 822 in 1982:

… In 1984, CCITT drafted its X.400 recommendation. … How a system hacked together by a handful of computer science graduate students beat an official international standard strongly backed by all the PTTs in the world, many governments, and a substantial part of the computer industry brings to mind the Biblical story of David and Goliath. (Tanenbaum, 2003)

World Wide Web:

The initial proposal for a web of linked documents came from CERN physicist Tim Berners-Lee in March 1989. The first (text based) prototype was operational 18 months later. In December 1991, a public demonstration was given at the Hypertext '91 conference in San Antonio, Texas.
… In 1994, CERN and M.I.T. signed an agreement setting up the World Wide Web Consortium (sometimes abbreviated as W3C, an organization devoted to further developing the Web, standardizing protocols, and encouraging interoperability between sites. Berners-Lee became the director. (Tanenbaum, 2003)

The Internet of Things

Wikipedia definition: The Internet of Things refers to uniquely identifiable objects (things) and their virtual representations in an Internet-like structure. The term Internet of Things was first used by Kevin Ashton in 1999. (Ashton, 1999)

Other definitions

In search of other definitions I found that they were all conceptual. Perhaps the best way to describe IoT is something along these lines:

The Internet of Things (IoT) is to the internet as a whole what Web 2.0 was to the web.

Conceptual Definition

The Internet of Things is ... (one definition)

‘A world where physical objects are seamlessly integrated into the information network, and where the physical objects can become active participants in business processes.
Services are available to interact with these ‘smart objects‘ over the Internet, query and change their state and any information associated with them, taking into account security and privacy issues.‘ RFID, Sensor Networks etc. are just enabling technologies!

(Haller, 2009)

Conceptual Explanations

What Do We Have? Hard facts!

Where Are We Going Architecturally?

Heterogenous Building Blocks

(Haller, 2009)

Where Are We Going Timewise?

Where Are We Going Spatially?

200920112014
North America323754
Italy364767
France162133
Rest Western Europe314164
South Korea141730
China101321
Rest Asia Pacific81016
Japan458
ME, Africa347
Latin America123
World91117

Present Applications?

Future Applications?

Where Does That Lead Us?

Is There a Conclusion?

  1. Technologically? My answer: Do what we are doing, only more!
  2. Ethically? You could say, do what we are doing, only less!
  3. Should we rejoice? Yes, because #1 is possible, we do it every day.
  4. Should we worry? Yes, indeed, because #2 is a question. We should stop and think, do we need this, that or the other app, just because it is possible. Ask yourself, is it good for you?

Thank You

References